Royalty Born on Halloween

On this Halloween, we take a short look at notable royals across history who were born on this frightfully fun day -- 

• King Louis of Portugal (born 1838) - King of Portugal and the Algarves from 1861 until his death in 1889. He was married to Maria Pia of Savoy, daughter of Victor Emmanuel, the first king of a united Italy. Louis was succeeded on his death by his eldest son, Carlos. King Carlos was assassinated while riding in the streets of Lisbon with his sons and wife; his eldest son Louis Philip was also killed in the same attack. Carlos's second son, Manuel, was King of Portugal for two years until the abolition of the monarchy in 1910. King Louis was therefore the third-to-last King of Portugal. 

• Princess Louise of Sweden (born 1851) - Queen consort of Denmark as the wife of King Frederick
VIII. She was the only surviving child of King Charles XV of Sweden and Queen Louise of Sweden; Sweden's succession laws at the time meant that she was unable to inherit her father's throne and instead she was married to Crown Prince Frederick of Denmark, eldest son of "the father-in-law of Europe", King Christian IX. She was not well-liked by members of the Danish royal family, but enjoyed widespread popularity with the Danish public. Despite her long tenure as crown princess, she and her husband enjoyed a relatively short tenure as King and Queen of Denmark, as her father-in-law, King Christian IX, had a long reign and lived until the age of 87. Through her eight children, Louise is the great-grandmother of the present monarchs of Denmark, Norway, Belgium, and Luxembourg. 

• Reza Pahlavi, Crown Prince of Iran (born 1960) - Former crown prince of Iran and head of the
imperial house of Pahlavi. He is the eldest son of the last Shah of Iran, Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, and his third wife, Empress Farah Pahlavi. Reza lives in the United States with his wife and their three daughters. 

• Leonor, Princess of Asturias (born 2005) - heir to the Spanish throne. She is the eldest of the two
daughters of King Felipe VI and Queen Letizia of Spain. As the rules of Spanish succession still operate under male-preference primogeniture, Leonor is considered heir presumptive to the throne and could be displaced if her parents were to have a son (unlikely, given that her father is 50 and her mother is 46). She became heir to the throne and assumed the title Princess of Asturias when her father, who had previously been Prince of Asturias, became king in 2014 following the abdication of her grandfather, King Juan Carlos. In 2015, she was inducted into Spain's highest order of chivalry, the Order of the Golden Fleece, and on her 13th birthday today, she gave her first speech in public. If she ascends the throne as expected, she will become Spain's first reigning queen since Isabella II abdicated in 1868.